Intestinal Helminthiasis is one of the most common infections worldwide and affects the poorest and most deprived communities. Pre-school and school-aged children are groups particularly at risk of helminth infections because they are active and more inclined to play in the dirt and water. Hygienic practices such as hand washing, taking a bath, nail trimming and perineal hygiene can help in maintaining and promoting person's health physically, mentally, socially and spiritually. Good hygiene is an important barrier to many infectious diseases, including fecal-oral diseases and it promotes better health and well-being. The study was conducted in Phase 4, Southville 5A, Brgy, Langkiwa, Binan City, Laguna. The Barangay's indigent condition and environment are the factors that drew our interest and decided to choose this as a place to conduct the study of Intestinal Helminthiasis.
The study was aimed to determine the relationship between hygienic practices and prevalence of Intestinal Helminthiasis among children (6-12y/o) in Phase 4, Southville 5A, Brgy. Langkiwa, Binan City Laguna. The study specifically sought to answer the following questions:
(1) What is the level of compliance to hygienic practices of the respondents in terms of: Hand washing, Taking a bath, Nail trimming and Perineal hygiene. (2) How frequent do the respondents exercise hygienic practices in terms of: hand Washing, Taking a Bath, Nail Trimming and Perineal Hygiene (3) What is the prevalence of Intestinal Heminthiasis among respondents (4) Is there significant relationship between the level of compliance and the hygienic practices and prevalence of Intestinal Helmithiasis among respondents. (5) Is there significant relationship between the frequency of exercising hygienic practices and prevalence of Intestinal Helminthiasis among respondents?
The researchers utilized the descriptive-correction method of research. Questionnaires were provided in gathering relevant data needed in this study. The questionnaire was divided into two (2) parts. 1. Manner and 2. Frequency. Each part has four (4) subparts: (a) Hand washing, (b) Taking a bath, (c) Nail trimming and (d) Perineal Hygiene. The respondents were asked to answer relevant questions for each topic. Stool was collected in the laboratory to confirm presence of intestinal helminthiasis infection.
The following summaries of findings were generated from the study: (1) On determining the level of compliance to the standard manner of performing hygienic practices of the respondents: as for hand washing, it obtained an average weighted mean of 3.32 which is interpreted as "High". As for taking a bath, it acquired an average weighted mean of 3.65 which is interpreted as very :High". As for nail trimming, its average weighted mean is 3.17 and it has interpretation of "high". And as for perineal hygiene, its average weighted mean is 3.55 which construes as "Very High". (2) On determining the frequency of exercising hygienic practices of the respondents, their obtained weighted mean were interpreted as: in terms of hand washing is "Always". As for taking a bath is "Often". As for nail trimming is "Often". And as for perineal hygiene is "Always". (3) The prevalence of intestinal helminthiasis infection among 30 children (6-12y/o) examined was 36.67%. (4) There is significant relationship between the level of compliance to hygienic practices and prevalence of Intestinal Helmanthiasis among the respondents. (5) There is significant relationship between frequency of exercising hygieneic practices and the prevalence of intestinal Helminthiasis among the respondents.
In conclusion, the prevalence of Intestinal Helminthiasis is dependent on the respondent's level of compliance in terms of manner and frequency of the hygieneic practices.